Lao Zi
Dao: Origin of All
Complete Dao De Jing
Wudang Taoism
Wudang Martial Arts
Taichi history
Tai Chi Classics
Taichi Articles
Taichi Mixed Forms
Chen Syle
Yang style
Wu Style
Woo Style
Sun Style
Li Style
Zhao Bao Style
Tai Chi & Health


The Tactics of Winning by Striking only after the Enemy had Struck

Wudang Gongfu takes as its tactics winning by striking only after the enemy had struck, which is same to Taoism's theory of "inaction", "nothing desired", and "being not the first one in the world."
Laozi, the famous philosopher had proposed that man should think less for oneself and have little desire. He thought that the best way to rule a country was to make the civilians' stomachs full while heads muddled, to make their body and bone strong while their spirit and willing weak. He also proposed the proposition of ruling a country by inaction, in other words, the king does nothing while the civilians will be self-cultivated; the king keep quiet while the civilians will do their proper business; the king do noting while the civilians will make themselves rich; the king has little desire while the civilians will have a good rest. On the base of the above proposition, he further proposed the ideology not to be the first one in the world. He said, "I have three treasures that I keep and protect forever, which are kindness, frugality, and being not the first one." Here "kindness" referred to that the king should love his civilians just like parents to their children; "frugality" was same to that the king should live a simple life and have a simple mind, and not think much for extravagance and luxury; "being not the first one" meant that the king should be modest and folksy.
Influenced by the above ideology, in tactics, Wudang Gongfu emphasizes the importance of winning by striking only after the enemy had struck. That is to say, if some certain enemy attacks us, we should take it easy and wait still to look for and grasp the chance to beat back even when the enemy has a sign of movement. A Detailed Explanation of Taiji Boxing has said that we keep still when the opposite makes no actions, we make quick actions when the opposite has a sign to move, which is the tactics that strikes after the opposite's act but heat him earlier before he does me. Some other books, such as A Book on Taiji Boxing, Forty-eight Formulas of Eight-diagram Palm, have the same statements; all emphasize the policy of striking later but heating earlier. Striking later but heating the opposite earlier can happen only on the condition of evading away the attack to make the attack go by the board. The strategical theory of striking later but heating earlier has two points: one is that we should not over-emphasize the power of subjective thinking, but respect the objective situation, remembering that all one's acts are to adapt and beat the opposite; the other is that we should try to get initiative chance, especially when in a passive predicament, whose policy is to evade away the attack and then beat the opposite out of his expectation.


The Theory of Yin-yang of Fist Position

Deeply influenced by Taoism's theory that Yin and Yang (the positive and the negative) are opposite and unified, Wudang Gongfu has developed a theory of Yin-yang of fist position with its own characteristics.
Taoism regards the world as a unity that is both opposite and unified, which was named Yin-yang in Book of Changes. The combination of the two opposite aspects of Yin-yang has produced unlimited changes.
Wudang Gongfu canonizes the theory of Yin-yang both in theory and skills of boxing. In the view of skills, every act and change take Yin-yang as the base, or root. The Formulas of Eight-diagram Palm said that Eight-diagram Palm has relied on Yin-yang, has held five elements (mental, wood, water, fire, and earth). A Book on Taiji Boxing has said that Taiji, or extremity, is coming from the unlimited universe, the chance to move or wait still, the mother of Yin and Yang. The Digests of Taiji Boxing, proposed that every act of Wudang Boxing, no matter it is open or close, active or still, tough or tender, visible or invisible, real or false, slow or quick, all change according to the basic law of Yin-yang. So boxing learning should begin with understanding the unlimited universe and the basic law of Yin-yang. He can't learn boxing that does not understand the law of Yin-yang.
As how to make full use of tactics of the opposite Yin-yang in real fighting, Wudang Gongfu proposes that we should consider the rival and us as a unity that Yin and Yang are opposite, judging from these transforming law between Yin and Yang, attack and defence, advance and retreat, right and left, up and down, active and still, tough and tender, for and against, open and close, take adequate countermeasures in view of rival's character of acts, so that we can defeat the rival without any wound. A Book on Taiji Boxing has proposed many skills, such as, depart when the rival is moving towards, meet when the rival is still; do not excessively or wantingly; take direct skill after a curving one; evade away when the rival is stronger than us; attack when the rival is in a worse position than us. Only understand these transforming law between Yin and Yang, can we make best use of these tactics of attacking or evading away. Only this can help us make a prompt decision according to situation and the rival, then make easy and quick changes so that defeat the rival.
To sum up, if we understand the transforming changes between Yin and Yang, we can make full use of all positions, directions, angles, potentials that benefit us, then we can escape from death but put the rival into a trap and to death, by means of leaping and evading, or beating back the rival with his own attack, or keeping the rival's powerful attack at bay by a powerless act. All tactics that propose the transforming law of Yin and Yang, waiting still for holding the rival in play, seizing direction and way of the rival's attack, then beating back belong to Wudang Boxing.




Please notice our new email address:
Copyright @2007 by CMA Ltd. All rights Reserved.